Early Apostolic Preacher in Finland Sweden and Lapland
Today’s South Dakota, with a population of about 770,000, looks very different from the South Dakota of 1889. Prior to statehood and widespread settlement, the area supported a thriving American Indian population that hunted and traded with each other and with the trappers who had followed the rivers. The Indians followed and hunted buffalo herds, planted gardens, dug prairie roots, and picked wild fruits to sustain themselves. There were few white settlers.
Why They Came the Lewis & Clark Expedition of 1804-1806 provided early information about the land that would become Dakota Territory. From the 1840s through the 1860s, over 250,000 settlers moved west along the California, Oregon, and Mormon Trails that ran south of Dakota Territory through Nebraska. Relatively few of this “Great Migration” came north into Dakota Territory, but some did. By 1870, the South Dakota area of Dakota Territory had a population of 11,776.
The 1860 U.S. Census, taken in unorganized Dakota Territory, gave a population count of 4,837.
Social and religious pressures, wars, and famines in Europe drove many to seek better fortunes in America. The Homestead Act of 1862, with its promise of 160 acres of free land, attracted many immigrants. The railroads also played a big part in the settlement of Dakota. In October 1872, the first rail line crossed the Big Sioux River into Dakota Territory at Yankton. Railroads grew rapidly, bringing in goods and settlers. In the next two decades, a network of rails blanketed eastern Dakota. Other lines moved into the Black Hills to service its growing population. Railroads owned a great deal of property and they needed people to buy and settle on the land. Along with newspaper editors, land agents, and government officials, railroad companies used every tactic to entice settlers. “This is the sole remaining paradise in the western world,” they said, “Come to Dakota and get yourself a farm!” Many early settlers located near military forts for protection. Early Norwegians settled near a fort close to present-day Sioux Falls, using both the protection it offered and the wooded areas that grew along the Great Sioux River.
Custer’s military expedition through the Black Hills in 1874 uncovered another reason to come to Dakota Territory: Gold! The Indians had been promised the Black Hills by the 1868 Laramie Treaty, but nothing could stop the push for gold. Waves of miners and other Danes who arrived were largely literate, due to compulsory education laws in Denmark. Viborg celebrates its heritage each year on the third weekend in July at Danish Festival Days.
“Finnish immigrants were not numerous in South Dakota, never comprising more than one-half of one percent of the state’s population. In 1878, Pastor Torsten Estensen and his Apostolic Lutheran followers established Poinsett, in northern Brookings County. About 200 Finns came to that area between 1878 and 1890. Torsten came from Hedmark Norway with his cousin Simon Hoel. They both lived in Calumet Michigan when they first arrived in America. They worked in the copper mines, married and both started families there in Michigan before coming West to Dakota Territory. Torsten and Simon were instrumental in starting the Apostolic Church near Lake Poinsett and Lake Norden.”
A Finnish emigrant agent, Kustaa Frederick Bergstadius, started Finn settlement in Savo Township in Brown County in 1882. The area soon had two churches, a lending library, temperance society, and brass band. Finns settled in concentrated groups, possibly because their language was so different from that of other Scandinavian immigrants. The gold rush also brought Finnish miners to the Black Hills. Lead had 1,300 Finnish, mostly young and unmarried men, by 1900. Many Finnish miners would later marry and settle in rural communities throughout Harding, Lawrence, and Perkins counties.
“Jesus alerts his disciples not to be deceived by the false prophets, who will claim themselves as being Christ, performing “great signs and wonders”.
How then should a person who professes to be a Christian live his daily life? Should he try to do things that will hurry up the end? Should you do what is wrong ‘in your own mind’ if you think it will bring about the end sooner? We live in a world controlled by man’s laws and elected officials.
How should that affect the way you vote? Do you vote for people who do not treat their neighbors as they would want to be treated? Is it right or wrong to vote for people who show no sign of loving their neighbor? Human nature prods us to speed up the end-time prophecy? It reminds me of early church history and cold jumpers.
I do not want to jeopardize my place near the cross by voting for what I know in my heart is wrong!
In Christian eschatology, the Antichrist, or anti-Christ, is a person prophesied by the Bible to oppose Christ and substitute himself in Christ’s place before the Second Coming. The term (including one plural form) is found five times in the New Testament, solely in the First and Second Epistle of John. The Antichrist is announced as the one “who denies the Father and the Son.” ” The similar term pseudokhristos or “false Christ” is found in the Gospels. In Matthew (chapter 24) and Mark (chapter 13),
Suomussalmi is a municipality in Finland and is located in the Kainuu region. The municipality has a population of 7,881 (31 January 2019) and covers an area of 5,857.60 square kilometres (2,261.63 sq mi) of which 587.03 km2 (226.65 sq mi) is water. The population density is 1.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.9/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Ämmänsaari is the biggest built-up area in the municipality.
Suomussalmi is the second southernmost part of the reindeer-herding area in Finland. Kalevala Russia is next door, grandpa always said, Can’t trust those Russians.”
During the Winter War of 1939–40, several battles were fought in the area around Suomussalmi, the most important ones being the Battle of Suomussalmi and the Battle of Raate. In these battles Finnish forces defeated numerically superior Soviet forces.
The Battle of Suomussalmi was a battle fought between Finnish and Soviet forces in the Winter War. The action took place from around December 7, 1939, to January 8, 1940. The outcome was a Finnish victory against superior forces. Suomussalmi is considered the clearest, most important, and most significant Finnish victory in the northern half of Finland. In Finland, the battle is still seen today as a symbol of the entirety of Winter War itself.
On November 30, 1939, the Soviet 163rd Rifle Division crossed the border between Finland and the Soviet Union and advanced from the north-east towards the village of Suomussalmi. The Soviet objective was to advance to the city of Oulu, effectively cutting Finland in half. This sector had only one Finnish battalion (Er.P 15), which was placed near Raate, outside Suomussalmi.
Suomussalmi was taken with little resistance on December 7 (only two incomplete companies of covering forces led a holding action between the border and Suomussalmi), but the Finns destroyed the village before this, to deny the Soviets shelter, and withdrew to the opposite shore of lakes Niskanselkä and Haukiperä.
The first extensive fight started on December 8, when Soviet forces began to attack across the frozen lakes to the west. Their attempt failed completely. The second part of Soviet forces led the attack to the northwest on Puolanka, that was defended by the Er.P 16 (lit. 16th detached battalion), that had just arrived. This attempt also failed. On December 9, the defenders were reinforced with a newly founded regiment (JR 27). Colonel Hjalmar Siilasvuo was given the command of the Finnish forces and he began immediate counter-measures to regain Suomussalmi. The main forces advanced on Suomussalmi, but failed to take the village, suffering serious losses. On December 24, Soviet units counterattacked, but failed to break through the surrounding Finnish forces.
Reinforced with two new regiments (JR 64 and JR 65), the Finns again attacked on December 27. This time, they took the village, and the Soviets retreated in panic over the surrounding frozen lakes. A large part of them managed to reach the Russian border along the Kiantajärvi lake. During this time, the Soviet 44th Rifle Division had advanced from the east towards Suomussalmi. It was entrenched on the road between Suomussalmi and Raate and got caught up in the retreat of the other Soviet forces.
Between January 4 an The battle resulted in a major victory for the Finns. If the Soviet Union had captured the city of Oulu, the Finns would have had to defend the country on two fronts and an important rail link to Sweden would have been severed. The battle also gave a decisive boost to the morale of the Finnish army.
In addition, Finnish forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road captured a large amount of military supplies, including tanks (43), field guns (71), trucks (260), horses (1,170), anti-tank guns (29) and other weapons, which were greatly needed by the Finnish army.
Alvar Aalto sculpted a memorial for the Finnish soldiers who died.d January 8, 1940, the 44th Rifle Division was divided into isolated groups and destroyed by the Finnish troops (in a tactic known as motti), leaving much heavy equipment for the Finnish troops.
The Battle of Suomussalmi is often cited as an example of how a small force, properly led and fighting in familiar terrain, can defeat a vastly numerically superior enemy. Factors which contributed to the Finnish victory included:
Finnish troops possessed higher mobility due to skis and sleds; by contrast, Soviet heavy equipment confined them to roads.
The Soviet objective to cut Finland in half across the Oulu region, while appearing reasonable on a map, was inherently unrealistic, as the region was mostly forested marshland, with its road network consisting mainly of logging trails. Mechanized divisions had to rely on these, becoming easy targets for the mobile Finnish ski troops.
Finnish strategy was flexible and often unorthodox, for example, Finnish troops targeted Soviet field kitchens, which demoralised Soviet soldiers fighting in a sub-Arctic winter.
The Soviet army was poorly equipped, especially with regard to winter camouflage clothing; by contrast, Finnish troops’ equipment were well-suited for warfare in deep snow and freezing temperatures.
The Finnish army had very high morale, resulting from the fact that they were defending their nation. Soviet troops, however, possessed exclusively political reasons for their attack, consequently losing their will to fight soon despite continual efforts by Soviet propagandists.
An additional factor remained Soviet counter-intelligence failures: Finnish troops often intercepted the Soviet communications, which relied heavily on standard phone lines.
The Finnish tactics involved simplicity where needed, as the final assault was a simple head-on charge, decreasing the chances of tactical errors. Rough weather also favored comparatively simple plans.
Formula One racing driver Heikki Kovalainen is from Suomussalmi, as well as the author Ilmari Kianto and the composer Osmo Tapio Räihälä, in addition to the ice hockey player, Janne Pesonen.
Suomussalmi hosted the 2016 World Berry Picking Championship
Charlie made his living farming and doing custom work with his big steam engine. He moved buildings, did custom sod plowing and grain threshing. He and his wife Minnie had nine children, five sons served in the military. The church was moved into Lake Norden, South Dakota on huge wooden rollers from two miles out in the country, notice the railroad ties were new,
When we lived in Tucson, Arizona, I drove for Arizona Tank Lines hauling fuel and gas in Southern and Eastern Arizona. I made a weekly trip to Globe, slow travel most of the way up to El Capitan Pass. The return trip was fast, and a lot of fun with no load.
Most of my trips were to open-pit copper mines, sometimes delivering to skid tanks down in the mine. Some of those trips set the rear end to puckering, trying to eat a hole in the seat cover you might say. The ore trucks could have run over my rig like I was a bug.
One time I stopped to check my tires before coming down the mountain from Oracle Junction. When I got started going again, a front tire blew out! New tires were put on the front the day before, and I got one that had a flaw in it. Talk about an angel riding shotgun. If that tire had blown going down the mountain with a full load, that would have been not nice. The mine at Oracle had a BIG storage tank, 8000 gallons made it raise 1/2 inch. One night west of there the road was covered with tarantulas after a storm. Running over rattlesnakes was routine, gives me the heebie-jeebies thinking about it. I will take South Dakota over any place.
The picture shows the cuts on the mountain grade near Clifton and Morenci, Arizona, taken in my rearview mirror. My truck just barely had power enough to go up that steep road. That is the oldest copper mining region in the nation.
I delivered to skid tanks all over this mine. It was near the Mexican border, we went there most of the time. I even saw a bunch of coati mindes near there one day.